自考真题《英语二》笔记串讲二
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自考真题《英语二》笔记串讲二

2023-07-07 16:28:42
作者:李老师特邀嘉宾
简介:提升学历,遇见更好的自己!

自考真题《英语二》笔记串讲二

原文: 

Why Dogs Bury Their Favorite Bones

You may find it crazy that your dog buries his favorite bone or chew toy, only to dig it up a day or two later, but there is actually a reason behind it— it is simply in their nature. For thousands of years, dogs have buried their bones. The practice itself started long before dogs were even pets when they had to bury bones to survive.

When dogs lived in the wild, sometimes food was scarce.If they were able to find food, dogs became very protective of it. Sometimes they would have more bones than they could eat for one meal. To keep other dogs and animals from stealing their bones, dogs would bury them in the ground. When it was time for the next meal, they would dig up their bones and enjoy them again.This would continue until the bones were gone.

Even though most dogs have plenty of food to eat today, their instincts still tell them to bury their bones and favorite toys. They do this to keep other dogs and animals from stealing them, just like their ancestors did. Some dogs keep at least two bones buried at once. When they want to dig up one, they will bury one more. This may leave a backyard full of holes and bones.

How do dogs decide where to bury their bones? A dog cannot bury a bone just anywhere. He must first find the perfect spot. This involves using his nose to find a spot that is free from  other dogs and animals. Often it is near a tree or a large rock, but it could be anywhere in the yard.Once the dog finds the perfect spot, he uses his front paws to dig a hole, drops the bone in and covers up the hole to protect his treasure. 

 

词汇释义:

第三段:Even though most dogs have plenty of food to eat today, their instincts still tell them to bury their bones and favorite toys. They do this to keep other dogs and animals from stealing them, just like their ancestors did. Some dogs keep at least two bones buried at once. When they want to dig up one, they will bury one more. This may leave a backyard full of holes and bones.

1.instinct:

n. 直觉;本能;天性

adj. 充满的

例句:

Don't trust anything except your instinct.(只管相信你的直觉。)

 

2.ancestor:

n. 祖宗;祖先;原种

例句:

One of my ancestors was a great scholar.(我的祖先当中有一位是伟大的学者。)

 

3.at least

至少

例句:

We should brush our teeth at least twice a day.(我们每天应该至少刷两次牙。)

 

4.backyard

n. 后院;后庭

adj. 后院的

例句:

Farmers usually keep chickens in their backyard.(农民们通常在自己的后院养鸡。)

 

段落三译文:

尽管现在大多数狗狗都有足够的食物吃,但它们的本能依然告诉它们要埋藏骨头和最喜欢的玩具。它们这样做是为了防止其他狗狗和动物偷走它们的食物,就像它们的祖先一样。有些狗狗会同时埋藏至少两根骨头,当它们想要挖出其中一根时,它们会再埋藏一根。这可能会导致后院布满洞穴和骨头。

 

第四段:How do dogs decide where to bury their bones? A dog cannot bury a bone just anywhere. He must first find the perfect spot. This involves using his nose to find a spot that is free from  other dogs and animals. Often it is near a tree or a large rock, but it could be anywhere in the yard.Once the dog finds the perfect spot, he uses his front paws to dig a hole, drops the bone in and covers up the hole to protect his treasure

1.spot

n. 地点;场所;职位;污点;斑点;少量;聚光灯;插播节目

adj. 现场的;现货的;插播的

v. (使)产生污渍;玷污;认出;用灯光照射

例句:

This is the spot where the two trucks collided.(这儿就是两辆卡车相撞的地点。)

 

2.paw

n. 脚爪;爪子;<口>手

v. 以蹄扒;抓;粗鲁地摸;翻找

例句:

The kitten has very soft paws.(小猫的爪子很软。)

 

3.drop

vt. 落下;跌倒;下降;放弃;漏掉;断绝关系

n. 滴;微量;减少;滴状物

例句:

He dropped off from his bike.(他从自行车上跌下来。)

 

4.cover up

掩盖; 掩饰; 盖住; 裹住

例句:

No pretty words can cover up its aggressive acts.(漂亮的言辞掩盖不了它的侵略行径。)

 

5.treasure 

n. 财富;宝物

vt. 珍藏;珍视

例句:

A nation's treasure is in its scholars.(学者是国家的财富。)

 

段落四译文:

狗狗如何决定在哪里埋藏它们的骨头?狗狗不能随便在任何地方埋藏骨头,它必须先找到一个完美的地点。这包括利用它的鼻子找到一个没有其他狗狗和动物的地方,通常它会选择靠近树木或大石头的地方,但它也可能在院子的任何地方。一旦狗狗找到了完美的地点,它会用前爪挖一个洞,把骨头放进去,然后掩盖住洞口,保护它的财宝。

 

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