2023年4月自学考试《英语(二)》00015真题试卷及答案
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2023年4月自学考试《英语(二)》00015真题试卷及答案

2023-04-25 15:27:26
作者:李老师特邀嘉宾
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 2023年4月自学考试英语(二)真题及答案

 课程代码:00015

1.请考生按规定用笔将所有试题的答案涂、写在答题纸上。

2.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔填写在答题纸规定的位置上。  

第一部分:阅读判断(第110题,每题1分,10分)

下面的短文后列出了10个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,选择A; 如果该句提供的是错误信息,选择B; 如果该句的信息文中没有提及,选择C。

 Why Dogs Bury Their Favorite Bones

    You may find it crazy that your dog buries his favorite bone or chew toy, only to dig it up a day or two later, but there is actually a reason behind it— it is simply in their nature. For thousands of years, dogs have buried their bones. The practice itself started long before dogs were even pets when they had to bury bones to survive.

    When dogs lived in the wild, sometimes food was scarce.If they were able to find food, dogs became very protective of it. Sometimes they would have more bones than they could eat for one meal. To keep other dogs and animals from stealing their bones, dogs would bury them in the ground. When it was time for the next meal, they would dig up their bones and enjoy them again.This would continue until the bones were gone.

    Even though most dogs have plenty of food to eat today, their instincts still tell them to bury their bones and favorite toys. They do this to keep other dogs and animals from stealing them, just like their ancestors did. Some dogs keep at least two bones buried at once. When they want to dig up one, they will bury one more. This may leave a backyard full of holes and bones.

    How do dogs decide where to bury their bones? A dog cannot bury a bone just anywhere. He must first find the perfect spot. This involves using his nose to find a spot that is free from  other dogs and animals. Often it is near a tree or a large rock, but it could be anywhere in the yard.Once the dog finds the perfect spot, he uses his front paws to dig a hole, drops the bone in and covers up the hole to protect his treasure. 

1. Dogs bury their favorite bones or chew toys by nature.

A.True                   B.False                C.Not Given

2. Dogs started to bury their bones when they became pets.

A.True                   B.False                C.Not Given 

3. Dogs in the wild occasionally had enough food.

A.True                   B.False                C.Not Given

4. Dogs would bury their extra food for their babies.

A.True                   B.False                C.Not Given

5.Animals would start a fierce fight over food in ancient times.

A.True                   B.False                C.Not Given

6. Some dogs tend to store up more than one bone at the same time.

A.True                   B.False                C.Not Given 

7.The backyard of a dog owner may be full of holes dug by his dog.

A.True                   B.False                C.Not Given

8. Dogs often bury their bones far away from trees.

A.True                   B.False                C.Not Given 

9. Dogs use their paws to find spots for burying bones.

A.True                   B.False                C.Not Given

10.Dogs bury more bones than chew toys.

A.True                   B.False                C.Not Given

第二部分:阅读选择(第1115题,每题2分,共10分)

阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的4个选项(A、B、C、D) 中选出1个最佳选项。

 Public Wi-Fi Users Neglect Safety

    A recent survey shows that 25% of Internet users have done online banking through public Wi-Fi in the last three months. It also shows that 27% have bought a product or service with acredit card this way.

    Experts worry that hackers(黑客) will take advantage of these practices.Doug Shadel said that hackers usually attack in two ways. They may create Wi-Fi  hotsopts that have the same name of the ones you trust, such as a hotel or a coffee  shop. They may also provide a stronger Wi-Fi signal to get between you and the safe  hotspot. In either case, the hackers can see your email, credit card information, user  names and passwords.

    Sometimes hackers just set up their electronic traps near a business where people  enjoy the free Wi-Fi.“In most cases they are after your personal information”Shadel   said.“If you use the same user name and password for many accounts, they can get into them all. It's possible for any hacker to do it. The software to hack into a Wi-Fi network is available at little or no cost.”

    “It's difficult for people to know if a Wi-Fi network is safe,” Shadel said.“So you should just think they are not. Any shared Internet access, free or paid, carries the same level of risk.It is safe only when you or someone you trust directly controls it.”

Shadel sometimes checks email through public Wi-Fi.But he never does any banking that way. In an unfamiliar place, he uses a Virtual Private Network (VPN). “This service creates a passage between your device and a safe place on the Internet,”he said.

11.A recent survey finds that 25% of Internet users use public Wi-Fi to                   

A.do banking     B. buy things    C. provide service    D. play cards

12.The phrase “take advantage of”(Para.2) can best be replaced by

A.adjust to       B.benefit from       C.lead to      D.result  from 

13.according to Shadel, any hacker can                          

A.create different passwords       B. open an electronic account

C.steal people's information       D. write software for businesses 

14. For the sake of safety, Internet users are advised to

A.test shared Internet access      B.rely on paid Internet access

C. look for free Internet access    D.avoid shared Internet access

15.Shadeluses public Wi-Fi to                       

A. learn about VPN             B. deal with his emails

C. keep his account safe          D.handle financial matters

第三部分:概括段落大意和补全句子(第16—25题,每题1分,共10分)

阅读下面短文,请完成短文后的2项测试任务:(1)从第16—20题后所给的6个选 项中为第1—5段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)从第21—25题后所给的6个选项中选择5个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。

I Use Every Second BeforeI Go to Work 

① I wake up at 6 a.m.every day. The first thing I do when I wake up is grab my  smartphone and take it to the bathroom with me, where I start my day by consuming quite a lot of information. I go to some websites, but the main site that I focus on during this time is Nuzzel, a collector of headlines and links. I recommend everyone look into it if they feel they don't have time to properly focus on every website individually.

②After visiting those sites, I head to Twitter, my No.l outlet for communication with the public. Twitter is becoming a listening platform. There is such a volume of information on the platform that you need pay attention to. So I spend a great amount of my morning responding to people and starting conversations.

③ After all this comes my workout (锻炼)with my trainer.I usually work out for about 45 minutes. The specific workout routine varies depending on the day of the week, what I ate, and how much I've been traveling.

④ After the workout, I head back home to get my children ready for school.I say bye to them and give them each a kiss before they leave. Then, I'm off to my office, often before 9 a.m.

⑤ In the car to my office, I call my mom,dad or sister.I talk to them just to learn  what they're up to.I really value those small moments. By the time I step into my office, so much is going through my head. My day starts the minute I open my eyes. 

Task1 

16.Paragraph① :

17.Paragraph② :

18.Paragraph③ :

19.Paragraph④ :

20.Paragraph⑤ :               

A.I do some morning exercise.

B.I phone my parents or sister.

C.I prepare my kids for school.

D.I communicate with others online.

E.I help my kids with their homework.

F.I visit websites to get information.

Task 2 

21.Nuzzel helps me                    

22.On Twitter I am able                     

23.There are several factors that                      

24.Before my kids go to school, I                   

25.I call my parents                    

A. to listen to others

B. step into my office

C.kiss them goodbye

D.affect my workout routine

E.to learn how they are doing

F.to surf the Internet efficiently


第四部分:填句补文(第26—30题,每题2分,共10分)                          

下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。

Banning Mobile Phones at School

    It is a question that keeps some parents awake at night. Should children be allowed to take mobile phones to school?  26   For parents who want their children to do well at school,it is no.

    Banning mobile phones at school is effective.According to a UK study,after schools banned mobile phones,the test scores of students improved by 6.4%.The findings will influence the debate about children and mobile phones.In the UK,more than 90%of teenagers own a mobile phone;in the US,75%have one.The popular mobile phone is a problem in the eye of teachers.   27   In a 2001 survey,no school banned mobiles.By 2007,this had risen to 50%.By 2012,98%of schools had taken action.Some did not allow phones.The others required them to be handed in at the beginning of the day.

    28  New York City has lifted a 10-year ban on phones at school.It says that lifting the ban will promote equality.“This view is wrong.”the researchers of the UK study write.“We found that the ban led to improvements in test scores among students.Low-achieving students gained the most.  29  Allowing phones into schools will harm the lowest-achieving students the most.”

    The UK study was carried out at Birmingham,London,Leicester and Manchester schools before and after bans were introduced.“Technology is commonly viewed as increasing efficiency,”the researchers write.“Modern technology is used in the classroom to improve student performance. 30  Some students will pay no attention to their class.”

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