2021年10月自考00015英语二串讲笔记(4)
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2021年10月自考00015英语二串讲笔记(4)

2022-03-21 10:14:38
作者:李老师特邀嘉宾
简介:提升学历,遇见更好的自己!

 

【摘要】距离2022年4月自学考试开考还有不到一个月的时间,许多考生正在复习备考中,湖南自考网为各位考生整理了热门课程的考试复习资料、模拟题、串讲笔记等,供各位考生参考。

 

2021年10月自考00015英语二串讲笔记(4)

 

第三题:阅读理解(略)

 

第四题:单词拼写

 

[提示]:最新试题出题思路有明显变化,因此以下册课文词表为复习重点,兼顾大纲此表中的中学词汇和上册词汇。

 

最新试题举例

 

36.accompany(1A)37.boundary(2A)

 

38.capture(14A)39.decline(10A)

 

40.employee(4A)41.feasible(8A)

 

42.heartpeaking(14A)43.grateful

 

44.increasingly(6A)45.junction(15A)

 

46.loyalty(10A)47.moderate(8B)

 

48.overwhelming(10A)49.nominate(10B)

 

50.participant(5A)51.persistently(14A)

 

52.queue(14A)53.spontaneous(5A)

 

54.reinforce(12B)55.undertake(13A)

 

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往年试题举例

 

36.strike(上册)37.program(上册)

 

38.civil(4A)39.quality(上册)

 

40.expose(6A)41.overcome(8A)

 

42.vote(10A)43.responsible(上册)

 

44.content(15A)45.interview(1B)

 

46.failure(上册)47.economy(上册)

 

48.logical(上册)49.undergo(11A)

 

50.nervous(上册)51.abandon(上册)

 

52.remain(中学)53.promote(8A)

 

54.detail(12A)55.hobby(上册)

 

第五题:词形填空题

 

[提示]:此部分主要包括谓语动词、非谓语动词、形容词比较级和词性变化四部分。谓语动词和非谓语动词详见重点语法,因此此处主要涉及形容词比较级和词性变化。

 

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历年试题举例

 

形容词比较级和最高级

 

1.The more stress you are under,the ___(likely)you are to catch a cold.

 

2.The ___(far)away we get from the earth,the thinner the air becomes.

 

3.We know that we are getting even older,and that the nearer a society approximates to zero population growth,the ____(old)its population is likely to be.

 

4.As Jane was the ____(old),she looked after the other children in the family.

 

Key:1.more likely 2.farther 3.older 4.oldest

 

词性转化

 

1.These electric appliances are all similar in construction but each one is ____(specialize)in its function.

 

2.The continuing professional education of ____(high)educated adults will become a third level in addition to undergraduate and professional or graduate work.

 

3.The explorers were puzzled over what to do next because they were in a ____(trick)situation.

 

4.We would like to take this opportunity to express our sincere ____(appreciate)of your help.

 

Key:1.special 2.highly 3.tricky 4.appreciation

 

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第六题:汉译英

 

[提示]:此部分主要涉及虚拟语气、强调句、倒装句、定语从句、名词性从句、状语从句、形式主语等语法现象和一些固定表达式。

 

最新试题举例

 

68.一个具有文学艺术欣赏力的人能胜任这项工作。

 

A person with appreciation of art and literature is qualified for the job.

 

选自下册第9单元A课文后Word Study中appreciation的一个例句。主要考查定语从句和be qualified for的用法。

 

69.随着研究技术变得更加先进,用于实验的动物数量将会大大减少。

 

As research techniques become more advanced,the number of animals used in experiments will greatly decrease.

 

选自下册第11单元A课文最后一段的第一句话。主要考查as引导时间状语从句,表示“随着”。

 

70.那位生物学家相信某些动物物种正受到灭绝的威胁。

 

The biologist is convinced/believes that some animal species are faced with the danger of extinction.

 

根据下册第14单元A课文后的翻译练习中的第6题有所改动。原话为“他相信某些植物物种正受到灭绝的威胁。”

 

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历年试题举例

 

1.直到最近我才意识到语言与文化密切相关。

 

2.我们匆匆忙忙地赶回学校,生怕天会下雨。

 

3.这些问题没有迅速解决是汤姆的过错。

 

4.他的肤色与他是否是个好教授没有关系。

 

5.无论他怎么说,我也不相信他。

 

Key:

 

1.Not until recently did I realize that language and culture are closely related to each other.(倒装句)

 

2.We hurried to the school lest it should rain.(lest后接动词原形的虚拟语气)

 

3.It‘s Tom’s fault that these questions are not solved rapidly.(形式主语)

 

4.The color of his skin is irrelevant to whether he is a good professor or not.(whether引导宾语从句)

 

5.Whatever he says,I won‘t believe him.(让步状语从句)

 

第七题:英译汉(略)

 

II.重点语法复习

 

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历年考题中的动词时态和语态

 

1.Much of the carbon in the earth ___(come)from things that once lived.

 

2.In the past two decades,research ___(expand)our knowledge about sleep and dream.

 

3.Some proverbs ___(be)in the language for 1,000 years,for example,A friend in need is a friend indeed.

 

4.___(stand)at the gate was a young man in green coat.

 

5.In 1991,after the Gulf War,Bush‘s approved rating reached 91 percent,the highest level recorded since polling ___(begin)in the 19302.

 

6.Seeing violence on television or reading about it in the newspapers every day ___(make)us tolerate crime more than we should.

 

7.So far,Irving ___(live)in New York City for ten years.

 

8.The patient ___(send)to another hospital before we got there.

 

9.The second half of the nineteenth century ___(witness)the first extended translation into English of the writings of Eliphas Levi.

 

10.All the worries they might have felt for him ___(drive)off by the sight of his cheerful face.

 

历年考题中的非谓语动词

 

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1.A man cannot be really happy if what he enjoys ___(do)is ignored by society as of no value or importance.

 

2.Anyone ___(want)to understand the industry of the future will have to know about robotics.

 

3.It is a well-known fact that a person will move in a circle when he cannot use his eyes ___(control)his direction.

 

4.As research techniques become more advanced,the number of animals ___(use)in experiments may decrease.

 

5.It seems reasonable to assume that,other things ___(be)equal,they would prefer single to shared rooms.

 

6.This poem,if ___(translate)word for word into Chinese,will make no sense.

 

7.They may have their passports _____(remove),making leaving or“escaping”actually impossible.

 

8.Her body,with hands and feet ____(bind),was discovered by a traveler early in the morning.

 

9.I couldn‘t help but ___(feel)this is a very strange life.

 

10.Let us consider the earth as a planet ____(revolve)round the sun.

 

Key:

 

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1.doing动名词做enjoy的宾语

 

2.wanting现在分词作定语

 

3.to control动词不定式作目的状语

 

4.used过去分词作定语

 

5.being现在分词用在独立结构中

 

6.translated连词加过去分词作状语

 

7.removed过去分词作宾补

 

8.bound过去分词用在独立结构中

 

9.feel couldn‘t help but后接动词原形

 

10.revolving现在分词作定语

 

历年考题中的虚拟语气

 

1.If it hadn‘t been for your help,we ___(be)in real trouble.He would have given you more help,if he ___(not be)so busy.

 

3.It is high time that we ___(take)firm measures to protect our environment.

 

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4.It was imperative that students ___(finish)their papers before July 1st.

 

5.They demanded that the right to vote ___(give)to every adult person.I would rather he ____(buy)the house next year.The manager told us to be friendly to the visitors as if we ___(meet)them before.

 

9.Should she come tomorrow,I ___ take her to the museum.

 

[A]canwill[C]would[D]must

 

10.If we ___ everything ready by now,we should be having a terrible time tomorrow.

 

[A]hadn‘t gotdidn’t get[C]wouldn‘t have got[D]wouldn’t get

 

Key:

 

1.would have been与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的主句

 

2.had not been与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的从句

 

3.took It is high time+过去式的虚拟形式

 

4.should finish/finish It was imperative that+动词原形的虚拟形式

 

5.be given demand所接宾语从句用动词原形的虚拟形式

 

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6.should have received与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的主句,表示“本应该收到”而实际上没有。

 

7.bought would rather后接宾语从句,从句用过去式表示虚拟语气。

 

8.had met as if所引导的从句用过去完成式表示虚拟语气。

 

9.C与将来事实相反的虚拟语气的主句。

 

10.A从句与现在事实相反,但本身已经是现在完成时(从by now可以看出),所以变为过去完成时。

 

历年考题中的定语从句和名词性从句

 

1.Studies have shown ___ teenagers often suffer from depression.

 

[A]thatwhich[C]in which[D]in that

 

2.It is a well-known fact ___ a person will move in a circle when he cannot use his eyes to control his direction.

 

[A]thatif[C]when[D]whether

 

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3.On the other hand concern is also growing about the possibility of a new economic order ____ resource-rich nations of the Third World would combine to set high commodity prices.

 

[A]whichwhat[C]that[D]in that

 

4.It is not yet known ____ computers will one day have vision as good as human vision.

 

[A]whetherif[C]that[D]how

 

5.Such attitudes amount to a belief ___ leisure can and should be put to good use.

 

[A]whichif[C]whether[D]that

 

6.The reason for making a decision is ___ a problem exists,goals are wrong,or something is standing in the way of accomplishing them.

 

[A]whybecause[C]where[D]that

 

7.___ developed was a music readily taking on various forms and capable of an almost limitless range of expression.

 

[A]WhatWhether[C]That[D]Which

 

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8.Very few people understood this contract,___ was very obscure.

 

[A]the languagethe language of which

 

[C]all it said[D]which it had said

 

9.Often music was played out of doors,___ nature provided the environment.

 

[A]whichthat[C]in which[D]where

 

10.Many of us visited the industrial exhibition,____,to our disappointment,we saw very few high-tech products.

 

[A]wherewhich[C]as[D]that

 

Key:

 

1.A that引导宾语从句

 

2.A that引导同位语从句

 

3.C that引导同位语从句

 

4.A it为形式主语,whether引导真正的主语从句

 

5.D that引导同位语从句

 

6.D that引导表语从句

 

7.A what引导主语从句,并在主语从句中做主语

 

8.B the language of which引导非限定性定语从句,并在定语从句中做主语

 

9.D where引导非限定性定语从句,并在定语从句中作地点状语

 

10.A where引导非限定性定语从句,并在定语从句中作地点状语

 

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